Monday, 21 July 2014

Personality and pregnancy

Roger Watson, Editor-in-Chief

There has been considerable interest in the relationship between issues related to childbirth and personality, much of it published in JAN (Brown 2014, Kenney & Bhattacharjee 2000, Wiklund et al. 2009) in recent years. This trend continues and a paper by Harville et al. (2014) titled 'Personality and adolescent pregnancy outcomes' investigates how personality factors measured using the ‘Big Five’ NEO-FFI personality inventory and published in JAN reports the following results (in the authors’ own words):
  
"Agreeableness and intellect/imagination were associated with a reduced likelihood of becoming pregnant as an adolescent, while neuroticism, conscientiousness and extraversion were all associated with an increased likelihood of becoming pregnant. Higher neuroticism was associated with lower birth weight and gestational age among Black girls, but not non-Black. Conscientiousness was associated with lower gestational age among non-Black girls. No relationships were found with extraversion or agreeableness and birth outcomes. Receiving late or no prenatal care was associated with higher intellect/imagination."


References

Brown A (2014) Maternal trait personality andbreastfeeding duration: the importance of confidence and social support Journal of Advanced Nursing 70, 587–598

Harville EW, Spriggs Madkour A, Xie Y (2014) Personality and adolescent pregnancy outcomes Journal of Advanced Nursing doi: 10.1111/jan.12481

Kenney JW, Bhattacharjee A (2000) Interactivemodel of women’s stressors, personality traits and health problems Journal of Advanced Nursing 32, 249–258

Wiklund I, Edman G, Larsson C, Andolf E, (2009) First-time mothers and changes in personality in relation to mode ofdelivery Journal of Advanced Nursing 65, 1636–1644

Thursday, 17 July 2014

JAN now uses Altmetrics

Roger Watson, Editor-in-Chief

I’m pleased to let you know that JAN now uses Altmetric, a service which measures the impact of journal articles in traditional and social media. On Wiley Online Library, you will now see an Altmetric score for each article, and clicking on this opens up a display showing how the score breaks down.

This is a great new development on Wiley Online Library and will help authors and readers join in online conversations about articles. Authors and readers can also opt to be alerted each time there is an online mention of a particular article.

See this article on the Wiley Exchanges blog which explains:
Alternative metrics or ‘altmetrics’ track data derived from online activity and discussions about individual scholarly papers, from social media sources (Twitter, Facebook, blogs, etc), the mainstream media (newspapers and magazines), online reference managers such as Mendeley and CiteULike, to public policy documents (such as those published on health and climate change).
Altmetric monitors these sources for mentions of scholarly articles published in Wiley journals and reports back at the article level. Articles will display a score indicating the quality and quantity of attention that the article has received. This score is based on three main factors: the number of individuals mentioning a paper, where the mentions occurred, and how often the author of each mention talks about the article. Users clicking on the Altmetric ‘badge’on Wiley Online Library will reach a data page displaying the score and the detail behind it, for that article.


Are you using the JAN app?

Roger Watson, Editor-in-Chief

Have you seen the JAN app?

The JAN app is available on iTunes and allows you easy access to the contents of JAN on your iPad and iPhone.

Here are the facts:
  • launched in March 2014 
  • 1835 downloads to date 
  • in June 2014 there were 168 new users 
  • on average, users look at 8.4 pages per session
  • the average session duration is 04:04 minutes

iPad

iPhone

Wednesday, 9 July 2014

From student to staff nurse

Roger Watson, Editor-in-Chief

My transition to practice took place when, soon after registration, the Charge Nurse slid the keys to the
ward along the floor to me as he was leaving for lunch saying something like ‘over to you’… and that was it! With greater awareness of cross-infection I hope we don’t slide keys along the floor these day – although I used to like doing it too – and I also hope that new Staff Nurses are better prepared for their role. Possibly, we were more ready in my day; we were employees of the hospital and attending the School of Nursing in the hospital and seen very much as part of the establishment of the wards we were working on. Possibly, but that is speculation and, of course, we did not do any more clinical practice in those days than students do now.

A systematic review by Missen et al. (2014) titled ‘Satisfaction of newly graduated nurses enrolled in transition-to-practice programmes in their first year of employment: a systematic review’ and published in JAN considers the evidence for the effectiveness of programmes specifically designed to ease the transition of nursing students into practice. The review looked at evidence in nurses qualified less than one year between and including 2000-2012, a period during which more attention has been paid to the issue and also against a background of high turnover of nursing students and also attrition.

The results of the review are promising; there is evidence that transition-to-practice programmes improve the job satisfaction of newly qualified nurses and some evidence that this has a positive effect on turnover. However, there is no standard length of delivery of programme and, while the length of the programme was not relevant, it is not known what the optimum length of such programmes is; something that anyone budgeting for their provision will want to know. As usual, further research is needed but this review provides a foundation for future studies and, we hope, further publication.


Reference

Missen K, McKenna L, Beauchamp A (2014) Satisfaction of newly graduated nursesenrolled in transition-to-practice programmes in their first year ofemployment: a systematic review Journal of Advanced Nursing doi: 10.1111/jan.12464